Here are some other definitions:
- “Consciously designed landscapes, which mimic the patterns and relationships found in nature while yielding an abundance of food, fibre and energy for provision of local needs.”
‘Permaculture One’, Bill Mollison
- “An integrated, evolving system of perennial or self-perpetuating plant and animal systems useful to man.”
‘Permaculture: Principles & Pathways Beyond Sustainability’, David Holmgren
The ethical principles pertaining to permaculture are as follows:
- Care for the Earth: taking action to maintain biodiversity, restore damaged and degraded land, conserve the natural environment, and use resources ethically.
- Care for the People: humanity’s basic needs have to be met in the system. People have to be considered and consulted whenever permaculture systems are designed.
- Distribution of the Surplus: contribution of surplus time, money and energy to achieve the above aims of earth and people care. After our own personal system’s needs are met, we can start helping others achieve their goals.
Source: ‘Getting Started in Permaculture’, Ross and Jenny Mars
For more information, go to www.permaculture.co.uk